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英语四级翻译考试最后冲刺训练题

2017-07-31 试题

  None are so deaf as those who won't hear.以下是小编为大家搜索整理的英语四级翻译考试最后冲刺训练题,希望能给大家带来帮助!更多精彩内容请及时关注我们应届毕业生考试网!

  part 1

  总结一年来的工作,我们清醒地看到,经济社会发展中还存在不少问题和困难。必须坚持把人民群众利益放在第一位。要切实维护人民群众的经济、政治和文化权益,着力解决关系群众切身利益的突出问题,保障城乡困难群众的基本生活。不断满足人们日益增长的物质文化需要,是社会主义现代化建设的根本目的。只有执政为民,我们的各项事业才能获得最广泛最可靠的群众基础和力量源泉。

  参考译文及详解:

  总结一年来的工作,我们清醒地看到,经济社会发展中还存在不少问题和困难。 In reviewing our work of the past year, we clearly see that many problems and difficulties remain in our economic and social development.

  总结用review,在这里用了现在分词形式,不失为一种简单而又正式的方式。在后半句的翻译中,英文和汉语语序整体大相反,注意“经济社会发展”的表达方式:in economic and social development.

  必须坚持把人民群众利益放在第一位。

  We must always put the interests of the people first.

  这句话翻译起来比较简单,注意“把……放在第一位”put……first.

  要切实维护人民群众的经济、政治和文化权益,着力解决关系群众切身利益的突出问题,保障城乡困难群众的基本生活。

  We must truly protect the people's economic, political and cultural rights and interests, pay particular attention to solving acute problems affecting their vital interests, and ensure that poor urban and rural residents have the basic necessities of life.

  翻译整段,必然会有个别长句,这就需要我们把握整体结构,表明大意即可。这段话是很正式的会议截取,所以咱们翻译时很多词组或者句子结构都是有据可循的。比如这句“着力解决关系群众切身利益的突出问题”,翻译的时候,没有完全按照汉语语序,而是把“关系群众切身利益”翻译为现在分词作后置定语结构 affecting their vital interests.

  注意固定词组与句式:

  维护人民群众的经济、政治和文化权益 protect the people's economic, political and cultural rights and interests

  着力解决……pay particular attention to solving(记住,pay attention to doing/sth 这个固定结构)

  不断满足人们日益增长的物质文化需要,是社会主义现代化建设的根本目的。The fundamental goal of our socialist modernization drive is to continually meet the growing material and cultural needs of the people.

  这句话翻译出来,也是将汉语语序颠倒后进行的翻译。用了to do不定式做表语。这句话大家可以完全背诵下来。

  只有执政为民,我们的各项事业才能获得最广泛最可靠的群众基础和力量源泉。Only if we exercise power for the good of the people can we enjoy the broadest and most reliable support from the people and draw from them the strength for accomplishing all our undertakings.

  只有……才……这个结构需要用到英文结构only if.后半句汉语很复杂,所以英语翻译时,用了两个and连接的分句,来更清楚正确地表达汉语的意思。注意固定词组与句式:

  执政为民 exercise power for the good of the people

  我们的各项事业 all our undertakings

  part 2

  和谐源自人的内心。健康的人格,良好的心态,既关乎个人的身心和谐,也关乎社会的和谐稳定。一个内心失调、失衡的人,一个心中充溢着焦躁、郁闷甚至仇恨的人,往往自己会同自己过不去,还会同周围环境过不去,人生是无法和谐得起来的。心平才能气和,内和才能外顺。保持身心和谐,我们要以平和之心思考问题,多一点理性、少一点感性,多一点睿智、少一点混沌,多一点冷静、少一点浮躁,多一点淡然、少一点痴迷,多一点大度、少一点偏执。

  参考答案:

  Harmony

  Harmony is derived from the inner heart of people.Wholesome personality and sound mentality are concerned not only with the harmony of individual's mind and body,but also with the social harmony and stability.A mentally disturbed and imbalanced person infatuated with anxiety ,oppression or even hatred tends to make things difficult for himself and also finds it difficult to get along with his surroundings,it is impossible to have harmony in his life.Only a calm mind can ensure an even temper;and only the inner harmony can make one get along smoothly.Therefore,we should think with a calm mind,with more rationality and less sensitivity,more wit and less confusion,more calmness and less fickleness,more indifference and less obsession,more generosity and less prejudice.

  考点分析:

  一个内心失调、失衡的人,一个心中充溢着焦躁、郁闷甚至仇恨的人,往往自己会同自己过不去,还会同周围环境过不去,人生是无法和谐得起来的。

  分析:

  本句很长,如果译成一个句子,会造成英文太过于复杂,因此把同前面的意思衔接不是很紧密的部分“人生是无法和谐得起来的”另起一句。同时注意“同自己过不去”的翻译方法,译成“make things difficult for himself”。

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